Types of Schizophrenia and Symptoms:
Types of Schizophrenia and Symptoms:Anyone diagnosed with Schizophrenia falls under a subtype of schizophrenia defined by a unique indicator. This indicator can be only one dominant symptom or a combination of positive & negative symptoms.
As per the research & studies by doctors & scientists, we can classify Schizophrenia in the following types.
- Paranoid Schizophrenia.
- Disorganised Schizophrenia.
- Catatonic Schizophrenia.
- Residual Schizophrenia.
- Schizoaffective Disorder.
- Depression Symptoms.
- Bipolar Disorder Symptoms.
- Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Paranoid Schizophrenia is the most common subtype of Schizophrenia. In this type, the person is defined by the auditory hallucinations or delusional thoughts.
his type can be explained in a way that the person feels that he/she is chased by an unseen group for a crime he/she thinks have committed, but those thoughts are actually not true or real.
- Disorganised Schizophrenia:
- In this type of Schizophrenia, the main indicator is confused thought process. The person loses his/her logical thinking process. Example can be taken as: jumping from one subject to another, during a conversation and there seems no logic in it in changing the subject when already discussing something else. In Disorganised Schizophrenia, everything is disorganised, be it thought process, speech or behaviour. Like, it can be disorganised behaviour too in which a person exhibit actions that are very much out of place depending on the situation, such as wearing multiple layers of clothing on a hot day.
There are two types of catatonic behaviour that define this schizophrenia subtype:
- Catatonic stupor: a dramatic reduction in activity, to the point where all sorts of movement may stop. Waxy flexibility may develop as well, a condition where someone places you in a certain position and you become immobilised for a long time.
- Catatonic excitement: characterised by hyperactivity and the presence of stereotypic behaviour, a condition that creates repetitive but purposeless actions. You may also mimic what another person is saying (echolalia) or doing (echopraxia)
This type of Schizophrenia mainly occurs in the persons who had a history of Schizophrenia before and the severity of negative symptoms of Schizophrenia had drastically reduced. The concerned person can still be with positive symptoms like hallucinations or paranoia but the frequency is quite less in it. To fall under this subtype of Schizophrenia, at least one negative symptom is still active and the last Schizophrenia attack should have occurred a year ago.
Schizoaffective disorder is a mixture of schizophrenia as either depression or bipolar disorder.
This type of Schizophrenia is difficult to diagnose as there are countless number of symptoms of depression or bipolar disorder involved in it.
In depression, a person is prolonged with feelings of sadness and worthlessness as well as unable to concentrate or remember things. On the other hand bipolar disorder makes swings in the mood very frequently, like one moment a person may feel elated, and then he/she suddenly feel low, often to the point of sadness.
The cycle between high and low emotions may become so intense and frequent that they begin to interfere with your daily life and affect your relationships and work or academic performance. The two tables below indicate the symptoms for the mental disorders that may coexist with schizophrenia.
As per the studies and research on different types of cases Schizophrenia patients, following symptoms of Depression & Bipolar Disorder can be classified.
|Not feeling hungry or poor appetite||Undergoing weight gain or loss|
|Changes in sleeping patterns||A state of anxiety or nervous excitement|
|Lack of energy||Loss of interest in hobbies or favourite activities|
|Feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness||Guilt or self-blame|
|Troubles with thinking or concentration||Thoughts of death or suicide|
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms
|Bipolar Mania (High)||Bipolar Depression (Low)|
|Euphoria or irritability||Depressed mood and low-self esteem|
|Increased energy and activity||Low energy levels and apathy|
|Excessive talk or racing thoughts||Sadness, loneliness, helplessness and guilt|
|Inflated self-esteem||Slow speech, fatigue and poor coordination|
|Unusual energy, plus a lowered need for sleep||Insomnia or oversleeping|
|Impulsiveness||Suicidal thoughts and feelings|
|Reckless pursuit of gratification||Poor concentration|
When a person exhibits mixture of Schizophrenia symptoms but do not fall under any specific type of Schizophrenia or have a dominant symptom, then he/she can be diagnosed with Undifferentiated Schizophrenia. As per the studies, to fall under this subtype, there should be one dominant symptom of either hallucinations or disorganized behaviour.
Types of Schizophrenia and Symptoms