Top Medication for Catatonic Schizophrenia,Follows:
Benzodiazepines: This drug acts as a tranquilizers for the Catatonic Patient and is most commonly used drug for Catatonics. It can be provided intravenously by injecting in the veins. The patient may have to take this medication for several days or weeks else there is risk of dependency if used for a long time.
Barbiturates: These drugs suppress the central nervous system so they are referred to as depressants or sedatives.Their effects range from mild sedation to total anaesthesia. Barbiturates rapidly relieve the symptoms of catatonia.
Antidepressants and mood-stabilizing drugs: People with catatonic schizophrenia often have other mental health problems, such as depression and stress so they are provided with the required antidepressants and mood-stabilizing drugs, depending on the frequency of the symptoms.
ECT (Electro Convulsive Therapy): ECT is used for Catatonic Patients who have not responded to the above mentioned drugs or other treatments. This is a procedure in which an electric current is sent through the brain to produce controlled seizures (convulsions).It can have the side-effect of getting short-term memory loss.
Hospitalization: Depending on the condition of the patient both before and during the treatment, it may be required to hospitalize them as per the severity and frequency of the Schizophrenia episodes. Patients are safer in a hospital setting; they are more likely to get proper nutrition, sleep, and hygiene, as well as the right treatment in the hospitals.
Psychotherapy: For Catatonic Patients, medications are the main part of treatment; however, psychotherapy can be useful, but if symptoms are severe, psychotherapy may also not be appropriate.
Social and vocational Skills Training: A vital part for the recovery of the Schizophrenic patient is to live his life independently without any restrictions or hesitations. This can be done through the various social and vocational skills training programmes conducted from time to time. The patients can learn from the therapists about good hygiene, prepare nutritional meals, and have better communication. There may also be support in finding work, housing, and joining self-help groups.
Compliance: Compliance or adherence means taking the timely medical treatment as prescribed by their doctors at the right tine and in the right doses, as most of the Schizophrenics hesitate or don’t take their prescribed medicines in the required time and doses which gives a very unfortunate effect on the patients’ life as well as their family and known people.